The Russian sacred springs and holy wells were frequently pagan sacred sites that later became Christianized with Orthodox church. The adaptation of the pagan water cult had created Russian Orthodox ritualistic and mystical experience. The sacred springs and holy wells were newly said to have been made to flow by the action of a local saint. The healing and wonder-making water qualities were attributed to the presence of Holy spirit or Christian saint.
Due to the Christian adoption the sacred springs and holy wells
cult successfully survived in Russia. Those sacred placed suffered only during the Soviet time in XX century. Guided by the aggressive communist ideology Soviets started to demolished sacred places of Russia: thousands of churches and chapels were demolished, and the priests were arrested or killed. At the beginning of 1960-th Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev made a decision to remove the last survived sacred miracles of Russia. Communists, police and KGB destroyed last well houses and chapels, put oil, dust and stones into the sacred springs and holy wells. A lot of sacred places piligrims were arrested.
The new sacred springs pilgrimage reborn took place after the U.S.S.R. has been collapsed in 1991. The freedom of faith was officially announced in Russian constitution. The old sacred springs and holy wells has been cleaned up and reconstructed by local Christian communities with the Russian Orthodox church support.
Nowadays thousands of pilgrims visit the sacred springs and holy wells in Russia. Most of them are looking for the spiritual magic healing and curing of various illnesses. Each sacred water body has a history of certain kind of illnesses healings, attested by local priests. Some holy wells are famous for curing eye problems, the other are helpful with fertility problems. There are sacred springs to solve life problems, to find a good spouse. The other are helpful to cope alcohol and drug addiction.